India has a curious relationship with blockchain. On the one hand, the Indian government is a huge proponent of blockchain technology, and nearly half the states in India have already initiated government-sponsored blockchain projects. At the same time, the government has been very ambivalent toward cryptocurrency, drafting a slew of measures in the last couple of years to control its growth.
In April last year, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), which functions as the country’s central bank, issued a ban prohibiting banks from receiving or transferring any money related to cryptocurrencies. This came as a huge blow to the crypto ecosystem in India because people were no longer able to cash out their cryptocurrency holdings.
Some of the country’s top crypto exchanges like Koinex and Zebpay ended up shutting down while others like WazirX decided to navigate the situation by creating alternate peer-to-peer exchanges.
The RBI’s ban isn’t the only stumbling block for India’s cryptocurrency ecosystem. In July this year, a committee appointed by the Indian government proposed a blanket ban on cryptocurrencies across the country and recommended imposition of severe fines and penalties on all crypto-related activities. The committee’s recommendations have taken the form of a draft law that will soon be up for discussion in the Indian Parliament. If it gets passed, this law could mean the end of India’s already struggling cryptocurrency scene.
Activists fight back
Naturally, these measures have met with major protests from India’s cryptocurrency players. Their attack is two-pronged. As far as the RBI banking ban is concerned, the Internet and Mobile Association of India has filed a petition in the Supreme Court that is still being heard. They argue that the RBI is acting out of its zone of authority by banning banking for virtual currencies. They claim that unless there’s a legislative policy regarding cryptocurrency in place, the RBI has no business creating regulations around this issue at all.
As for the proposed legislation that will soon be up for discussion in Parliament, there is a strong grassroots movement coming from within India’s cryptocurrency community calling for a rethink of these regulations. Their stance is simple and pragmatic — given the decentralized nature of cryptocurrency transactions, the government will find it very hard to actually prevent them from happening.